Antarctica (Continent) (DC Comics)



Antarctica (i/ænˈtɑːktɨkə/ or /æntˈɑrtɨkə/) is Earth's southernmost continent, containing the geographic South Pole. It is situated in the Antarctic region of the Southern Hemisphere, almost entirely south of the Antarctic Circle, and is surrounded by the Southern Ocean. At 14.0 million km2 (5.4 million sq mi), it is the fifth-largest continent in area after Asia, Africa, North America, and South America. For comparison, Antarctica is nearly twice the size of Australia. About 98% of Antarctica is covered by ice that averages at least 1 mile (1.6 km) in thickness.
Antarctica, on average, is the coldest, driest, and windiest continent, and has the highest average elevation of all the continents. Antarctica is considered a desert, with annual precipitation of only 200 mm (8 inches) along the coast and far less inland. The temperature in Antarctica has reached −89 °C (−129 °F). There are no permanent human residents, but anywhere from 1,000 to 5,000 people reside throughout the year at the research stations scattered across the continent. Only cold-adapted organisms survive there, including many types of algae, animals (for example mites, nematodes, penguins, seals and tardigrades), bacteria, fungi, plants, and protista. Vegetation where it occurs is tundra.
Although myths and speculation about a Terra Australis ("Southern Land") date back to antiquity, the first confirmed sighting of the continent is commonly accepted to have occurred in 1820 by the Russian expedition of Fabian Gottlieb von Bellingshausen and Mikhail Lazarev on Vostok and Mirny. The continent, however, remained largely neglected for the rest of the 19th century because of its hostile environment, lack of resources, and isolation. The Antarctic Treaty was signed in 1959 by 12 countries; to date, 49 countries have signed the treaty. The treaty prohibits military activities and mineral mining, prohibits nuclear explosions and nuclear waste disposal, supports scientific research, and protects the continent's ecozone. Ongoing experiments are conducted by more than 4,000 scientists from many nations.

Publication information

Publisher: DC Comics
First appearance: 
Created by: 

In story information

Official Name: Antartica
Type: Continent
Notable people: 
Notable races: 
Notable locations: 

Location Details

Universe: Real World, Earth-One, New Earth, Earth-50
Galaxy: Milky Way
Star System: Sol
Planet: Earth

Characteristics

Dimensions: 5,400,000 sq mi
Population: 0

History

Points of Interest

Antarctic Circle

The Antarctic Circle is one of the five major circles (or parallels) of latitude that mark maps of the Earth. The area south of the Antarctic Circle is known as the Antarctic, and the zone immediately to the north is called the Southern Temperate Zone. 

Glacier Point

In the 30th century, Glacier Point is the Earth's only minimum-security prison. Located in Antarctica, it utilizes geo-thermal energy to tap the mineral resources of the continent's frozen environment.

Southern Ocean

The Southern Ocean comprises the southernmost waters of the World Ocean. It has also been known as the Great Southern Ocean, the Antarctic Ocean and the South Polar Ocean.

Garden of Eden

What became known as Antarctica was once the biblical Garden of Eden, and home to the Parliament of Trees. After the dawn of man, a war between The Green and The Grey caused an ice-age to occur, freezing the garden over, and forcing the Parliament to relocate to Brazil. Eons later, Swamp Thing discovered the ruins of the Garden in Antarctica. 

Residents

  • Seals.
  • Justice League Antarctica

Gallery

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